Silicon manganese, an alloy material with important application value, is mainly composed of two elements: silicon and manganese. Because of its special physical and chemical properties, it plays an indispensable role in industrial production and daily life. In this paper, the application, production process and development prospect of silicon manganese are introduced in detail.
1. The use of silicon manganese
Iron and steel industry
Silicon manganese plays an important role in the iron and steel industry, mainly used as alloying agent to improve the strength, hardness, wear resistance and corrosion resistance of steel. At the same time, silicon manganese can also improve the welding performance of steel.
The hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and casting performance of aluminum alloy can be effectively improved by adding silicon manganese into the alloy. It is widely used in aerospace, automobile manufacturing and other fields.
Cast iron production
The strength, wear resistance and fatigue resistance of cast iron can be effectively improved by adding silica manganese to it. Therefore, silicon manganese has a wide range of applications in the production of various cast iron products.
Electronics and communications
With the continuous development of science and technology, the application of silicon manganese in the field of electronics and communication is gradually increasing. For example, it can be used to produce electronic components such as resistors and capacitors.
2. Silicon manganese production process
The production of silicon manganese mainly includes four main links: ore roasting, electric furnace melting, casting molding and refining.
Roasting is the first step in the production of silicon manganese, the main purpose of which is to convert silica and manganese oxide in ores into soluble compounds by high temperature. In the roasting process, the temperature and atmosphere should be strictly controlled to ensure the completeness and stability of the compound transformation.
Electric furnace melting
The ore powder after roasting can be directly used in electric furnace smelting. In an electric furnace, the powder is mixed with a carboniferous reducing agent, and the mixture is heated to more than 1300 ° C by electrothermal action, so that the silica and manganese oxide are reduced to silicon-manganese alloy. In this process, the temperature in the furnace and the composition of the furnace gas should be strictly controlled to ensure the quality of the silicon manganese alloy.
After melting, the silicon manganese alloy liquid needs to be cast. Before casting, it is necessary to remove slag and gas from the alloy liquid to avoid inclusions and pores in the casting process. Casting is generally used in metal mold or ceramic mold, the alloy liquid is poured into the mold, and the mold can be removed after cooling and solidification.
The silicon manganese alloy after casting may have some defects, such as pores, cracks and so on. In order to obtain a high quality product, refining is required. Refining mainly includes heat treatment, machining and surface treatment steps. Through these steps, the defects in the alloy can be effectively removed and its physical properties and surface quality can be improved.
In addition, the following points need to be noted in the production process:
- In the ore roasting process, the roasting temperature and atmosphere should be strictly controlled to avoid the decomposition and sintering of silica and manganese oxide.
- In the smelting process of the electric furnace, the stability of the temperature in the furnace and the reducibility of the furnace gas should be ensured to obtain high-quality silicon-manganese alloy.
- During the casting process, the purity and fluidity of the alloy liquid should be ensured to avoid the generation of inclusions and pores.
- In the refining process, the appropriate heat treatment system, mechanical processing equipment and surface treatment methods should be selected to improve the physical properties and surface quality of silicon manganese alloy.
3. Development prospect of silicon manganese
With the continuous development of science and technology, silicon manganese as an important alloy material, its application field continues to expand. In the future, the silicon manganese industry will show the following development trends:
High quality and multi-variety direction
With the continuous segmentation of the market, the quality and variety of silicon manganese are becoming more and more demanding. Therefore, the production of high-quality, multi-variety silicon manganese products will become the main trend of future development. For example, silicon manganese steel with high strength and high wear resistance will be more widely used;
The silicon manganese alloy of aluminum alloy will develop in the direction of high strength and high conductivity. In the production of cast iron, it is necessary to improve the purity of hot metal and reduce the content of inclusions.
Environmental protection and energy conservation direction
With the continuous improvement of environmental awareness, the silicon manganese industry needs to develop in the direction of environmental protection and energy saving. Through the use of advanced production technology and equipment, the environmental pollution and energy consumption in the production process of silicon manganese are reduced. For example, the use of new reducing agents instead of traditional coke; Use waste heat recovery technology to reduce energy waste; Using slag free or less slag smelting technology to reduce the generation of waste slag.
At the same time, the waste in the production process is used as resources to achieve the recycling of resources and sustainable development.
Technological innovation and upgrading
With the continuous progress of technology and the constant change of application needs, the silicon manganese industry needs continuous innovation and upgrading. For example, through the introduction of advanced smelting technology and equipment, improve the quality and production efficiency of silicon manganese alloy; Adopt new casting technology and equipment to produce high quality silicon manganese castings; The development of new high performance silicon manganese materials to meet the needs of special applications.
ZHENXIN ferroalloy produces silicon metal, silicon manganese alloy, silicon iron, silicon manganese clumps, silicon carbide, silicon powder, etc., welcome inquiry.