Ferric vanadium is an iron alloy, obtained by reducing vanadium pentoxide with carbon in an electric furnace, or by reducing vanadium pentoxide in an electric furnace by silicothermic process. It is widely used as an element additive for smelting vanadium alloy steel and alloy cast iron, and is also used to make permanent magnets.
Use of iron vanadium:
Mainly used for smelting alloy steel. About 90% of the vanadium consumed in the world is used in the steel industry. Vanadium in common low alloy steel mainly refines grain, increases steel strength and inhibits its aging effect;
In alloy structural steel, the grain is refined to increase the strength and toughness of the steel;
Used in combination with chromium or manganese in spring steel to increase the elastic limit of steel and improve its quality;
In the tool steel, it mainly refines the structure and grain of the steel, increases the tempering stability of the steel, enhances the secondary hardening effect, improves the wear resistance, and extends the service life of the tool;
Vanadium also plays a beneficial role in heat-resistant and hydrogen-resistant steels;
The vanadium added to the cast iron promotes the formation of pearlite due to the formation of carbide, makes the cementite stable, the shape of the graphite particles is fine and uniform, and the grain of the matrix is refined, thus improving the hardness, tensile strength and wear resistance of the casting.
Main advantages of iron vanadium:
Iron vanadium has good physical and chemical properties. It has a high melting point and thermal stability, and can maintain stable performance in high temperature environments. Iron vanadium also has good corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, which can maintain stable performance under harsh working conditions.
Iron vanadium has good alloying effect. Fe-vanadium can form a stable alloy phase with other elements and improve the properties of the alloy. For example, iron vanadium can form alloys with carbon, silicon, manganese and other elements to improve the hardness, strength and wear resistance of steel. This makes iron vanadium play an important role in iron and steel production.
Iron vanadium has abundant resources and wide application prospects. Vanadium is an important element in the earth’s crust, and iron vanadium is the main industrial compound of vanadium. The world is rich in vanadium iron resources, which can meet the needs of industrial production. Ferrovanadium has a wide range of application prospects in the fields of steel, batteries and catalysts, which helps to promote the development of related industries.
Iron vanadium has a wide range of uses and important advantages. It plays an important role in areas such as steel production, battery materials and catalysts, which can improve the performance of materials and the quality of products. The rich resources and wide application prospect of iron vanadium make it one of the indispensable materials in industrial production.