In the iron and steel industry, ferrochrome as an important alloying element, has an irreplaceable position. With its unique physical and chemical properties, it gives excellent performance to steel products. This paper will introduce the application and function of ferrochrome in iron and steel industry in detail.
Ferrochrome is an iron-chromium alloy that contains up to 20% chromium. It is made of industrial pure iron and chromium metal smelting, with high thermal strength, good wear resistance and oxidation resistance. Ferrochrome is widely used in the steel industry, mainly as an alloy additive to improve the properties of steel.
2.Ferrochrome in the iron and steel industry
One of the most important applications of ferrochrome in the steel industry is as an alloy additive. In the smelting process, ferrochrome is added with iron and other alloying elements to improve the hardness and corrosion resistance of the steel. The addition of ferrochrome can significantly improve the tensile strength, yield strength and hardness of steel, and also enhance its corrosion resistance.
Because of its excellent wear resistance, ferrochrome is often used in the manufacture of wear-resistant materials. For example, ferrochrome can be used to make wear-resistant parts such as excavator buckets and crusher hammers. In these applications, the high hardness and anti-wear properties of ferrochrome make it ideal for the manufacture of wear-resistant materials.
The corrosion resistance of ferrochrome makes it widely used in the manufacture of corrosion-resistant materials. For example, ferrochrome can be used to manufacture corrosion resistant structural parts such as chemical equipment and pipes. In these applications, ferrochrome effectively resists corrosion by various chemicals.
Ferrochrome plays an important role in the manufacture of tool steel. Tool steel is a type of high carbon steel used in the manufacture of cutting tools, measuring tools and molds. The addition of ferrochrome can improve the hardness and wear resistance of tool steel, so that it can maintain excellent performance at high temperature.
3.The role of ferrochrome in the steel industry
Improve strength and hardness
Ferrochrome can significantly increase the strength and hardness of steel due to the interaction between chromium and iron. When chromium is added to steel, it produces an effect called “solid solution strengthening.” This effect causes the atomic structure of the steel to become more compact, which increases its strength and hardness.
Enhanced corrosion resistance
The corrosion resistance of ferrochrome is mainly due to the oxide film formed on its surface. In an oxidizing environment, chromium forms a dense oxide film, which can effectively prevent further oxidation of steel. In addition, chromium can also improve the resistance of steel to various chemicals, so that it remains stable in corrosive environments.
Optimized wear resistance
The wear resistance of ferrochrome is due to its high hardness and excellent wear resistance. In the friction process, the hard point of ferrochrome can effectively resist wear, thereby improving the wear resistance of steel. In addition, ferrochrome also has good fatigue resistance, which makes parts made of it able to withstand repeated mechanical stresses.
As an important alloying element in the iron and steel industry, ferrochrome plays an irreplaceable role in improving the properties of steel. Its high strength, high hardness, corrosion resistance and excellent wear resistance give excellent properties to steel products. With the continuous development of science and technology, the application of ferrochrome in the iron and steel industry will be more extensive, bringing more convenience and benefits to human production and life.
Why Choose ZX Ferro Chrome？
There are many kinds of ferro chrome products. The ferrochrome produced by ZX can meet the current market demand.