In today’s era of rapid technological development, we have an increasing demand for various materials, especially in the industrial field. Among the many key materials, ferrosilicon undoubtedly occupies a place. So, what exactly is ferrosilicon? What is it used for? Next, we will break it down for you.
1.Introduction of ferrosilicon
Ferrosilicon, as the name suggests, is an alloy composed mainly of silicon and iron. This alloy usually contains 75% iron and 25% silicon, which has good hardness and wear resistance. In addition to iron and silicon, iron silicon also contains small amounts of carbon, phosphorus, sulfur and other elements. These elements play an important role in the production of ferrosilicon.
The production process of ferrosilicon mainly includes mineral furnace and electric furnace. Among them, the mineral furnace method is to melt silica, steel chips, coke and other raw materials at high temperature in the mineral furnace, and obtain ferrosilicon alloy by controlling the temperature and the proportion of raw materials. The electric furnace rule is to use electrical energy to heat the raw material to a melting state, and then produce ferrosilicon. These two methods have advantages and disadvantages, enterprises can choose the right production method according to their own needs and conditions.
Iron and steel industry: ferrosilicon is widely used in the iron and steel industry, mainly for the deoxidizer and alloying agent in the steelmaking process. In the process of steelmaking, adding an appropriate amount of ferrosilicon can react with oxygen in molten steel, reduce the oxygen content in molten steel, and improve the strength, hardness and wear resistance of steel. In addition, ferrosilicon can also be used as an alloying agent to improve the performance of steel and improve the corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance and impact resistance of steel.
Non-ferrous metal smelting: ferrosilicon also plays an important role in non-ferrous metal smelting. For example, in the aluminum smelting process, adding an appropriate amount of ferrosilicon can be used as a reducing agent to reduce alumina to aluminum. In addition, in the smelting process of copper, lead, zinc and other non-ferrous metals, ferrosilicon can also be used as an alloying agent to improve the performance of the metal.
Casting industry: ferrosilicon is mainly used in the casting industry to produce ductile iron. Ductile iron has good wear resistance, impact resistance and corrosion resistance, and is widely used in automobile, machinery, construction and other fields. In the process of producing ductile iron, adding proper amount of ferrosilicon can promote the graphitization process and improve the performance of cast iron.
Other fields: In addition to the above application areas, ferrosilicon is also widely used in chemical, electronics, glass and other industries. For example, in the chemical industry, ferrosilicon can be used as a catalyst or reducing agent; In the electronics industry, ferrosilicon can be used to produce semiconductor materials; In the glass industry, ferrosilicon can be used as a glass colorant.
3.Market status and development trend of ferrosilicon
With the development of the global economy and the progress of science and technology, the application of ferrosilicon in various industries is more and more extensive, and the market demand is increasing. At present, the global production of ferrosilicon is mainly concentrated in China, Russia, Ukraine and other countries. China is the world’s largest producer of ferrosilicon, accounting for more than half of the world’s total output.
However, in recent years, affected by the global economic situation, environmental protection policies, raw material costs and other factors, the ferrosilicon market has fluctuated greatly. In response to market changes, many enterprises have begun to adjust their production structure and improve product quality and added value. At the same time, some emerging application areas such as new energy, new materials, etc., have gradually become a new growth point of the ferrosilicon market.
In general, although the current ferrosilicon market faces certain challenges, with the progress of science and technology and the growth of market demand, the future ferrosilicon market still has a broad space for development. Enterprises need to pay close attention to market dynamics and policy changes, and strengthen technological innovation and product research and development to adapt to the changing market environment.
ZX ferrosilicon and ferrosilicon powder are widely sold in Japan, USA, Korea, Belgium, India, Italy, Taiwan and other places, welcome inquiries.